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Unlearning of Topic-prominence by Chinese Learners of English

主 講 人 :常輝    教授

活動時間:04月01日14時00分    

地      點 :騰訊會議 262835892

講座內容:

Chinese allows both gapped and gapless topic constructions without their usage being restricted to specific contexts, while English only allows gapped topic constructions which are used in certain contexts. In other words, Chinese uses ‘topic prominence’, whereas English does not. The contrast between English and Chinese topic constructions poses a learnability problem for Chinese learners of English. This paper uses an empirical study investigating first language (L1) transfer in the case of Chinese learners of English and the extent to which they are able to unlearn topic prominence as they progress in second language (L2) English. Results of an acceptability judgment test indicate that Chinese learners of English initially transfer Chinese topic prominence into their English, then gradually unlearn Chinese topic prominence as their English proficiency improves, and finally unlearn Chinese topic prominence successfully. The results support the Full Transfer Theory (Schwartz & Sprouse, 1994, 1996) and the Variational Learning Model (Yang, 2002, 2004), but contradict Zheng’s (2001) proposal that the topic prominence can never be transferred but may be unlearned from the beginning in Chinese speakers’ acquisition of English. In addition, the type of topic constructions that is used and whether or not a comma is added after the topic have an effect on learners’ transfer and unlearning of topic prominence. It is proposed that the specification of Agr(eement) and T(ense) as well as the presence of expletive subjects in English input can trigger the unlearning of topic prominence for Chinese learners of English.


主講人介紹:

常輝,上海交通大學外國語學院教授、博士研究生導師、常務副院長。中國高校外語學科發展聯盟理工類院校委員會主任委員、中國英漢語比較研究會外語學科發展研究專業委員會秘書長、二語習得研究專業委員會常務理事、英語教學研究分會常務理事、教育語言學專業委員會會常務理事、Journal of Second Language Studies聯合執行主編、《教育語言學研究》和International Journal of Chinese Language Teaching編委。

常輝主要從事句法習得與加工研究以及外語教學研究。迄今,在國內外SSCI和CSSCI語言學核心期刊上發表學術論文近40篇,被人大復印資料轉載3篇,出版專著三部,主持完成國家社會科學基金青年項目、教育部人文社科基金青年項目、上海高校本科重點教學改革項目等。目前主持國家社科基金重點項目:漢語二語句法結構的眼動加工研究。


發布時間:2021-03-25 10:40:59

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